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28 WEEKS PREGNANT
Welcome to the third trimester!
Moms-to-be who are 28 weeks pregnant and beyond are known for their lack of sleep.
If you find yourself up in the middle of the night, do something relaxing.
This is not the time to vacuum the house from top to bottom—even though you might feel the urge to do that at some point.
(It’s called nesting.
You’ve probably heard of it.) Instead, read a book, drink chamomile tea, or listen to soothing music.
Then get back to bed and try to get some rest!
How Big Is Baby at 28 Weeks Pregnant?
At 28 weeks, baby is the size of an eggplant.
Putting on layers of fat, your baby now measures about 14.8 inches from head to toe and weighs in around 2.2 pounds.
28 Weeks Pregnant Is How Many Months?
When you hit the 28-week mark, you are six months pregnant.
This week, you’re embarking on both your seventh month and your third trimester.
Can you believe you’ve made it this far?!
28 WEEKS PREGNANT SYMPTOMS
As your body gets more and more crowded by your growing 28-week fetus and starts prepping for his or her arrival, you might be noticing some new pregnancy symptoms.
These are common at this stage of the game:
As you get closer to your due date, you’ll likely have more and more trouble getting Zzzs (which stinks, because you’re beat!).
It could be hormones or nerves—or both!—causing your inability to snooze.
Shortness of breath.
Baby continues to crowd your lungs and diaphragm, making it tougher to catch your breath.
Give yourself permission not to push too hard and to take breaks.
Aches and pains.
The third trimester can be really uncomfortable due to hormone fluctuations and the toll pregnancy is taking on your body.
(We’re especially talking to you mamas who are 28 weeks pregnant with twins!) To deal, do yoga, stretch, swim, walk, and/or get a prenatal massage.
Try wearing a maternity support belt if you’re on your feet a lot.
Not sexy, we know, but it can relieve some of the pressure that’s making you so achy.
Braxton Hicks contractions.
These practice contractions might be getting stronger, more noticeable, or more frequent as your body gets ready for labor.
Keep an eye out and be sure that the contractions are only occasional.
If they’re regular and continue getting closer together, and don’t stop when you switch positions, you could be in preterm labor and should call the OB ASAP!
Your breasts may already be producing baby’s first food, a yellowish substance called colostrum.
And surprise! Some of it might actually come out before baby does!
28 WEEKS PREGNANT BELLY
Your OB will probably measure your 28 weeks pregnant belly at your prenatal appointment.
This week, fundal height—the distance from your pubic bone to the top of your uterus—should be about 26 to 30 centimeters.
Knowing you’re measuring within that normal range is reassurance that baby’s growth is on track and that baby’s in the right position, since a breech or sideways position could affect the measurement.
For women who are 28 weeks pregnant with twins on the other hand, fundal height usually isn’t measured.
That’s because it’s harder for doctors to estimate an “average” for twin pregnancies.
Doctors recommend you start doing kick counts at 28 weeks.
You’ll be keeping tabs on how often baby’s moving and whether his or her movements are consistent from day to day.
Here’s how you do it: Pick a time of day and set a timer.
See how long it takes to get to 10 fetal movements—it should be less than two hours.
The next day at the same approximate time, do the same thing.
Record the times each day, and you’ll start to find an average range for your baby.
It’s great reassurance that he or she’s doing well in there.
If anything seems inconsistent, let your doctor know.
28 WEEKS PREGNANT ULTRASOUND
Inside your 28 weeks pregnant belly, baby’s starting to develop more fat, so his or her once-wrinkly skin is starting to get smoother.
In pretty amazing news, baby’s practicing breathing.
Your 28-week fetus’ lungs are mature enough that if he or she were to be born now, he or she would probably survive. Wow!
Baby will keep getting bigger—and smarter—after week 28 of pregnancy, and then baby will just need a few more finishing touches before he or she is ready to meet you.
Now that you’re 28 weeks pregnant, you’ll start seeing your OB twice per month (or every two weeks).
If your pregnancy has been uncomplicated, don’t expect to get a 28-week ultrasound at this appointment.
Even though you’d probably love to get a peek inside that 28 weeks pregnant belly, it’s simply not necessary to have more than a couple ultrasounds throughout your pregnancy—unless the doctor has a reason to monitor you extra carefully.
Try to be patient! Soon your baby will be here and you’ll get to gaze at him or her as much as you want.
Your Baby at Week 28
Baby’s Getting Into Position
Your baby is settling into the proper position for birth, with his head facing downward (toward your body’s nearest exit!).
Your little work-in-progress now weighs about two-and-a-quarter pounds and is almost 15 inches long when measured head to toe.
He’s busy these days blinking (outside in the real world, blinking is necessary to help keep foreign objects out of the eyes).
That skill is just one of an already impressive repertoire of tricks he’s working on, like coughing, more intense sucking, hiccupping and, perhaps most important, better breathing.
Baby Might Be Dreaming
Dreaming about your baby at 28 weeks pregnant?
Your baby may be dreaming about you, too.
Brain wave activity measured in a developing fetus shows different sleep cycles, including the rapid eye movement phase — the stage when dreaming occurs.
Your Body at Week 28
Sciatica (Tingling Leg Pain)
This is it — you’re two-thirds to the finish line at 28 weeks pregnant as you enter the third trimester.
And what a difference a trimester makes! Gone, most likely, are the days when you could call pregnancy “comfortable” (that is, if you ever did).
Now, your baby’s kicking (or lack of) is keeping you up at night and worried during the day, your feet are swollen, you’re getting tired all over again and your backache is a pain that just won’t quit.
And even though she hasn’t started crying yet, it may seem like your baby’s getting on your nerves already — literally.
As she gets settled into a proper (you hope) position for birth, her head and your enlarging uterus may rest on the sciatic nerve in the lower part of your spine.
And if that happens, you may feel sharp, shooting pain, tingling or numbness that starts in your buttocks and radiates down the back of your legs — otherwise known as sciatica.
The pain of sciatica can be quite intense at times, and though it may pass if your baby shifts positions, it can also linger until you’ve delivered.
A heating pad, a warm tub, stretches or just some self-imposed bed rest can help with the discomfort.
So can some complementary and alternative therapies.
Choosing a Childbirth Class
Your due date is still months away, but school (or at least a childbirth education class) is in session — so start taking notes.
You’ll “graduate” with all the skills and know-how you and your labor coach need to get through delivery with honors.
You can choose a course at the hospital or with a local instructor, but sign up early so you can finish several weeks before your due date.
Ask whether your class includes lessons on infant care, CPR and breastfeeding (it should).
Have special needs? There are courses for second-timers who need to brush up on their techniques, for moms who are attempting a vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) and for parents expecting multiples.
There are even intensive classes taught over a weekend at resorts, which can double as a couple’s getaway.
Whichever one you choose, make sure your instructor is certified by a national childbirth education organization. And here’s a bonus:
Your insurance company may cover the cost, so be sure to submit your bill.
28 Weeks Pregnant: Your Baby’s Development
Welcome to the third trimester!
At 28 weeks pregnant, you have some exciting baby developments in store.
For example, your little one is now able to open and close his eyes.
He may even have some eyelashes! With his eyes open, your baby is now able to tell light from dark.
He may even turn or move around as a reaction to changes in light.
Your baby’s brain is still developing, but the central nervous system has developed enough to allow your baby to begin to control his body temperature.
When you’re 28 weeks pregnant, your baby’s position in the womb could be with his head facing down — or with his buttocks, feet, or both pointed down, which is called breech.
Your healthcare provider may be able to tell you which direction he’s facing at your next appointment if you have an ultrasound at 28 weeks pregnant, but don’t worry if he’s in the breech or another unusual position now. Over the next few weeks, he’ll likely turn himself around.
This could be a good time to begin tracking your little guy’s movements (more on this later).
You may find he’s more active when you are resting or after a meal.
Think of counting those little kicks as one of your first bonding experiences!
Mom’s Body at 28 Weeks Pregnant
As you start the third trimester, keep in mind that you and your baby still have a bit of growing to do.
Your growing belly at 28 weeks pregnant may get in the way at times, and throughout the remaining weeks, you may find yourself getting tired more easily.
Your body is doing a great (and tough) job of providing a home for your little one as he continues to grow and develop during the final trimester.
Continue paying attention to your diet, eating healthy, nutritious meals every day.
Eating well may also help keep your energy levels up if you’ve been feeling worn out.
If your healthcare provider recommends it, you might need to take prenatal vitamins or supplements to make sure you’re getting enough calcium and iron.
Finally, continuing to exercise (moderately, and as your healthcare provider suggests) will help boost sagging energy levels.
If you’re concerned about your weight gain at 28 weeks pregnant, check in with your healthcare provider to make sure your weight is increasing at a healthy rate.
28 Weeks Pregnant: Your Symptoms
Back pain. Brace yourself, because lower back pain comes with the territory for many moms-to-be, especially in the last trimester.
To prepare for labor and delivery, the joints and ligaments in your pelvis start to loosen, which sometimes causes lower back and pelvic pain.
You may notice these pains when taking a flight of stairs or getting in or out of your car.
As your body expands, your center of gravity shifts and your posture changes, often straining your back muscles.
Talk to your healthcare provider if you’re concerned about back, pelvic, or hip pain.
Try wearing low-heeled, supportive shoes, and stay off your feet whenever possible.
You can also place a pillow behind you when sitting in a chair.
You can take some comfort in the fact that these symptoms usually subside after you give birth.
Shortness of breath.
As your uterus expands, your abdominal organs start to get a bit crowded.
Your stomach and diaphragm can place pressure on your lungs, making it more difficult to take deep breaths.
Don’t worry, though. Your baby is getting plenty of air, even if it feels like you’re not.
If you find yourself out of breath, try to be mindful of your posture.
Standing up straight can give your lungs a bit more room to expand, and you may find breathing becomes easier.
Your ever-growing uterus also puts pressure on veins, which can sometimes lead to painful or itchy varicose veins in your rectal area — which are hemorrhoids.
If you’re also suffering from constipation, the strain on your bowels can make hemorrhoids worse.
To help keep hemorrhoids at bay, make sure to stay hydrated and include plenty of fiber in your diet.
Choose high-fiber foods such as fruits, veggies, and whole-grain breads or cereals.
If hemorrhoids do strike, soaking in a warm bath may relieve some of the discomfort.
Ask your healthcare provider for further treatment recommendations.
Braxton Hicks contractions.
These so-called practice contractions are one way your body prepares to give birth, and can strike at any time.
However, they don’t open your cervix, so you’re not actually going into labor.
You may feel sensations ranging from a slight tightness in your abdomen to something more painful.
These contractions are more likely to hit in the evening or after physical activity like exercise or sex.
They can get stronger as your pregnancy progresses, and sometimes it can be tricky to tell whether you’re experiencing Braxton Hicks or true labor contractions.
If you have any concerns about what you’re experiencing, ask your healthcare provider for advice.
You might have encountered this pesky symptom early in your pregnancy, and it can return with a vengeance in the third trimester.
In the early weeks of your pregnancy, your urge to pee was caused by the increase of blood in your body, causing your kidneys to work overtime.
Urination-during-pregnancy] is likely due to your growing little one putting pressure on your bladder.
Don’t cut back on water and other fluids, but do try wearing a panty liner if you’re dealing with any bladder leakage.